Scientists prove that Romans were breeding small bulldogs


Share post:

Researchers from the Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences have proven that breeding small brachycephalic (shorter-nosed) dogs took place already in ancient Rome. Research on a 2,000 years old dog skull indicates that the dog resembled a French bulldog.

In 2007, dog bones were found in the ruins of the ancient Tralleis, near the Turkish city of Aydın. The find was incomplete, and due to the poor condition of the remains no one paid much attention to it for many years. In 2021, the bones caught the attention of Professor Aleksander Chrószcz and Dr. Dominik Poradowski from the Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences and a team of researchers from the Istanbul University led by Professor Vedat Onar.

‘Fortunately, the skull was not so damaged or fragmented to prevent its measurements, and this research is an important part of our investigation, because taking measurements allows to compare it with other results of archaeozoological research, and with bone material from modern animals. We conducted craniometry, or in the simplest terms, we determined measurement points on the bones of the skull and based on these points, we not only managed to determine the value of individual measurements, but also compare them with contemporary, testable dog skull craniometry results’, says Professor Aleksander Chrószcz.

He adds that due to the state of preservation of the remains (measuring the length of the skull was not possible), the researchers relied on other measurements, including the area of the base of the skull, the tympanic cavity, the teeth and palate.

The skull was had been unearthed in the ancient city of Tralleis, Turkey [Credit: Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences]

‘In this case, there was no doubt that it was the skull of a brachycephalic (short-nosed) dog, and a relatively small one. The analysis of the preserved and measurable parts of the animal’s skeleton and the skeletons of dogs of modern breeds shows that it was most likely an animal that was lower at the withers than the well-known, also short-nosed Molossian hounds, whose pedigree originating from ancient Hellas is beyond doubt’, says Professor Aleksander Chrószcz.

He emphasises that in order to make sure that scientists were dealing with such an ancient find, a radiocarbon dating procedure was carried out at a reputable, reference laboratory in the United States.

“The discovery of the remains of a dog with this anatomy brings us valuable information. Scientists have been able to prove that in Ancient Rome, Molossian hounds were not the only known brachycephalic dogs. It would not be a new information if not for the fact that this animal was much smaller, and its morphology more similat to that of a French bulldog, a modern companion dog. It was supposed to accompany its guardian, sharing a fairly comfortable life, instead of being a working dog often mentioned in the available Roman literature”, we read in the Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences press release.

According to the release, the animal was probably cared for not only during its life, but also after death. Skeletal examinations showed that the quadruped was treated exceptionally well, which distinguishes it from other discovered remains of working dogs.

‘Someone must have loved this dog, because most they likely they ordered to be buried with it. This means that the love between humans and animals is not a modern invention’, concludes the scientist from the Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences.

Author: Roman Skiba | Source: PAP – Science in Poland [May 17, 2023]



Related articles

Chichén Itzá 400 years older than previously thought

The ancient Mayan city of Chichén Itzá was founded at least 400 years earlier than previously thought, according...

Infant burials in Mexico: Aztec customs lasted post-Conquest

Four children in Mexico were buried in the years after the Spanish Conquest with rituals and grave offerings...

Lifestyle is a threat to gut bacteria: Otzi proves it

The intestinal microbiome is a delicate ecosystem made up of billions and billions of microorganisms, bacteria in particular,...

New burials discovered in Iran’s Burnt City

A team of archaeologists has discovered new burials in the 5200-year-old Burnt City in southeastern Iran. During a new...

New discoveries into how remote, ancient Maya civilizations used and conserved water

Collection, storage and management of water were top priorities for the ancient Maya, whose sites in Mexico, Belize...

Head sold at Christie’s stolen from Libya

A Roman head of a woman, which was sold at Christie’s in London on 14 April, had been...

Golden eagle bas-relief found in Mexico’s Templo Mayor

Under the intersection of Guatemala and Argentina streets, at the core of Mexico City’s urban palimpsest, experts from...

Did rise of ancient human ancestor lead to new stone tools?

Scientists have unearthed and dated some of the oldest stone hand axes on Earth. The ancient tools, unearthed...