Scientists confirm the high speed of Siberia development

Date:

Share post:

Following the trail of Siberian pioneers, archaeologists from the University of Tyumen have investigated the camp on Karachinsky Island, the Lower Tobol River, and confirmed the high speed of the Cossacks’ campaign, reports RIA news agency.

Scientists confirm the high speed of Siberia development
Following the trail of Siberian pioneers, archaeologists from the University of Tyumen have investigated the camp
on Karachinsky Island, the Lower Tobol River, and confirmed the high speed of the Cossacks’ campaign
[Credit: © University of Tyumen] 

Yermak Timofeyevich, a Cossack ataman who started the conquest of Siberia, is known to every citizen of Russia. Confirmed by a number of chronicles, the importance of his campaign is undeniable. However, as there is not enough detailed information in literary sources, scientists are actively pursuing archaeological research in this direction.

The expedition excavated a dugout on Karachinsky Island where, according to chronicles, Yermak and his Cossacks spent a winter. Judging by the remains of logs, the dugout had two rooms and a cellar. However, it can be concluded that the building only existed for a short period of time as the area around it was not developed and there was little household waste and garbage. Burn marks on some of the logs suggest that the dugout survived a fire, after which it was renovated and used again.

Scientists confirm the high speed of Siberia development
The UTMN expedition excavated a dugout on Karachinsky Island
[Credit: © University of Tyumen]

The AMS Laboratory at the University of Arizona (USA) analysed wood samples and dated the building to the middle of the 17th century, while Yermak’s campaign took place in the years 1581-1585. Soil analysis revealed that the island had once been used for cattle raising and handicraft production.

“Taking into consideration the results of the analysis, we believe that Yermak did not spend the winter there,” said Professor Natalia Matveeva, the expedition leader.

It is possible that other Siberian explorers could have set up camps on Karachinsky Island. According to one of the versions, the Cossacks marched from the Stroganov towns to the capital of the Siberian Khanate without wintering. “This decision was tactically effective as the Tatar troops, weakened by their participation in Khan Mametkul’s raid on the Urals, showed little resistance,” suggested Matveeva.

Source: University of Tyumen [June 27, 2018]

ADVERTISEMENT

spot_img

Related articles

Four Buddha sculptures found in Hyderabad’s Khammam district

Four rare Buddha sculptures dating back to 3rd and 4th Century AD were unearthed from a tank in...

Radiocarbon dating pins date for construction of Uyghur complex to the year 777

Dating archaeological objects precisely is difficult, even when using techniques such as radiocarbon dating. Using a recently developed...

Tyre project works to facilitate ‘foot traffic’ tourism

It’s officially called the Cultural Heritage and Urban Development project, but what it really means is that tourists...

Historic Greek village in SW Turkey left to decay

A number of architectural structures in the 3,000-year-old ancient site of Kayaköy in the western Turkish province of...

Roman-era artefacts wash up on shore in Black Sea port town of Turkey

Pieces of tombs and columns, believed to date back to the Roman era, have washed up on the...

7,000 year old wall unearthed in Bulgaria

During this year's excavation in Europe's oldest salt mines near Provadia, eastern Bulgaria, archaeologists discovered a wall from...

Face of Scottish soldier found in mass grave in Durham revealed

The face of one of the Seventeenth Century Scottish soldiers who was imprisoned and died in Durham following...

Restoring the Acropolis’ ‘Lost’ Thrasyllus Monument

From whatever angle you look at it, the choragic monument of Thrasyllus is impressive. The name given over...