Roman general’s residence discovered in the Crimea


Share post:

A Roman garrison commander’s residence [Praetorium] has been discovered by found Polish archaeologists working in the Crimea, told PAP Dr. Radosław Karasiewicz-Szczypiorski of the Institute of Archaeology, University of Warsaw, head of excavations in Balaklava, Ukraine.

Roman general's residence discovered in the Crimea
View of the courtyard and the surrounding rooms of the Praetorium
[Credit: A. Trzop-Szczypiorska]

Until now, researchers have speculated that this house was located at the citadel in nearby Chersonesus.

Archaeologists studied the building of unknown purpose in previous seasons. This year’s work allowed for its full exploration.

“At first we thought that we were digging up the common barracks or quarters of one of the officers – centurions. However, the structure turned out to be more extensive than we thought. We uncovered a large house with rooms surrounding a stone-paved courtyard from three sides. Analogies with similar Roman forts indicate that the house belonged to the garrison commander” – said Dr. Karasiewicz-Szczypiorski.

The commander of the garrison was a high-ranking officer (tribune), who probably only visited outposts, and had permanent quarters on the Lower Danube.

Best preserved was the last construction phase of the building, dating back to the turn of the second and third century and the first decades of the third century.

“Discovery of the praetorium in Balaklava suggests that, at least in the beginning of the third century, the quarters of the Roman army commander in Tauris (the ancient name of Crimea – ed. PAP) was the fort in Balaklava, and not, as previously thought in the nearby Chersonesus citadel” – said Dr. Karasiewicz-Szczypiorski .

Warsaw archaeologists first visited Balaklava in the 1990s. The excavations are carried out jointly with the staff of the local museum ” Chersonesus Taurica” in Sevastopol. The result of these studies include the discovery of the temple of Jupiter Dolichenus. The current project was carried out for three seasons with the funds from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education.

Author: Szymon Zdziebłowski | Source: PAP – Science and Scholarship in Poland [September 18, 2013]



Related articles

Black holes might not be dead-ends after all

A physical body might be able to cross a wormhole in spite of the extreme tidal forces, suggests...

Mosque dating back to early years of Islam found in Saudi Arabia

The province of Al-Kharj, which lies around 80 km south of the Saudi capital, tells an important story...

Old manuscripts get facelift at Jerusalem mosque

In the 1920s, an urgent call went out to the literati across the Middle East from Arab leaders...

Scientists teach largest dinosaurs to walk

For the first time scientists have learnt how the largest four-legged dinosaurs got from A to B. The...

ALMA pinpoints early galaxies at record speed

A team of astronomers has used the new ALMA (Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array) telescope to pinpoint the locations...

Ancient cistern found in SW Turkey

A cistern has been found during the archaeological excavation of King Hecatomnus' grave in Milas district of Muğla...

Greek council lists Megara as preservation site

The Greek Central Archaeological Council (KAS) on Wednesday unanimously voted for an area of 4,000 hectares in the...

Study sheds light on the origin of the European Jewish population

Despite being one of the most genetically analysed groups, the origin of European Jews has remained obscure. However,...