New findings obtained at the Temple of Apollo, located in the village of Gulp?nar in the northwestern Turkish province of Canakkale’s Ayvac?k district, have revealed the various uses of the temple in successive eras.
|The Temple of Apollo Smintheus [Credit: AA]
The Temple of Apollo Smintheus, which became nonfunctional some 1,500 years ago, was used for different purposes in each era.
Damage caused by humans, as well as earthquakes and other natural factors, have not even survived alluvial deposits that cover the temple.
The temple was used as a church at first and then as a residence, painting a picture of houses and gardens throughout history. Its blocks were redesigned as structural material, press tone, well curb, mortar and trough, losing its original form.
Academics on the excavation team who have so far published articles on the importance and architecture of the temple informed the scientific world about it.
Works have revealed that all marble blocks of the temple had been used in various structures. Spanning around an area of 25 kilometers, the collection of marble blocks and excavations have been around for years.
The Apollon Smitheus Temple is located in the Bahcelerici area, in a valley between the northwest and northeast of the Gulp?nar village.
It was built in the second half of the 2nd century B.C., as a sacred place in the Troas region. The Greek architect Hermogenes designed the temple using the pseudodipteral style. The temple contains three chambers, including a pronaos (sacred front chamber), a naos (sacred room) and an opisthodomos (back chamber), as well as the statue of Apollo made by the sculptor, Skopas.
Hamaxitos was a ancient Greek city in the south-west of the Troad region of Anatolia which was considered to mark the boundary between the Troad and Aeolis. Its surrounding territory was known in Greek as Hamaxitia, and included the temple of Apollo Smintheus, the salt pans at Tragasai, and the Satnioeis river (modern Tuzla Cay). [Quoted from Wikipedia]
Source: Hurriyet Daily News [October 13, 2015]