A school site in an 11th century road system in Suffolk has been excavated for medieval remains ahead of the creation of a new classroom and kitchen. The first cooking there, though, might actually have happened during the 14th century, according to the most unusual of the discoveries made during the dig: a small flint and mortar building which is thought to have been a kitchen or cold store.
|The remains of a small 14th/15th century building (4.2m long x 3.4m wide), thought to possibly be a kitchen or cold store,
built from flint and mortar [Credit: © Suffolk Archaeology]
Any fires during cooking wouldn’t have affected the main house, with the kitchen building set some distance from the street frontage and houses. Above ground, it would have been constructed of timber with a tiled floor and roof.
|Fragments of medieval jugs from Hedingham in Essex, including a rim of a stamped strip jug. One is decorated in a combed
or reeded style, whilst the others have applied roundels. 13th to early 14th century [Credit: © Suffolk Archaeology]
Bury St Edmunds’s Abbot set up the roads at the core of the old town, where a large medieval market thrived. Pilgrims to the abbey made the area an important and wealthy regional centre.
|Five fragments of late medieval bone button or bead making waste. The discs were drilled from both sides as the central
ridge is visible inside in each hole [Credit: © Suffolk Archaeology]
|Some of the many fragments of 13th-15th century roof peg tile and glazed floor tile
[Credit: © Suffolk Archaeology]
Elsewhere, archaeologists found a series of pits for quarry chalk, made between the 12th and 14th centuries in attempts to extract lime from the chalk for mortar. Domestic rubbish was backfilled in the pits, where large numbers of pig, sheep, goat, cattle and fish bones were discovered alongside oyster and mussel shells – pointing to the diet of the population.
Visit Suffolk Archaeology for more.
Source: Culture24 [May 13, 2016]