Large theropod teeth found from the Upper Cretaceous of Jiangxi, Southern China

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Large carnivorous dinosaurs, are common in the Late Cretaceous of Asia, but only some fragment teeth have been recovered from southern China.

Large theropod teeth found from the Upper Cretaceous of Jiangxi, Southern China
Tyrannosaurid
tooth from the Nanxiong Formation of Jiangxi Province, in labial (A and
B),

 lingual (C), mesial (D), distal (E), basal (F), and apical (G)
views. Arrow indicates 

distal carina location. Scale bar equals 10 mm in
A, and 20 mm in B-G 

[Credit: MO Jinyou]

In a paper published in the latest issue of Vertebrata PalAsiatica, Dr. XU Xing, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP), Chinese Academy of Sciences, and MO Jinyou, Natural History Museum of Guangxi in Nanning reported two isolated, large predatory theropod teeth from the Upper Cretaceous of southern China; the smaller tooth is assigned to a tyrannosaurid, whereas the larger one is greatly distinct from other known Late Cretaceous theropods, probably represents a previously unrecognized large predatory dinosaur.

These large predatory theropod teeth were discovered for the first time from the Upper Cretaceous Nanxiong Formation of Jiangxi, helping better understand the known diversity of vertebrates from the Upper Cretaceous Nanxiong Formation, southern China.

Large theropod teeth found from the Upper Cretaceous of Jiangxi, Southern China
Large
theropod tooth from the Nanxiong Formation of Jiangxi Province, in
lingual (A, B), 

labial (C, D), basal (E), mesial (F, G), and distal (H,
I) views. Arrow marks the end

 of mesial carina. The white frames in C,
F, and H mark the tooth area displayed

 in enlarged form in images D, G,
and I, respectively. Scale bars equal 10 mm in A, D, G, 

and I; 20 mm in
B, C, E, F, and H [Credit: MO Jinyou]

The crown height of the smaller tooth is 76 mm. It is identified as a typical tooth of a large tyrannosaurid based on large and suboval in cross-section. The crown base ratio, about 0.72, is within the range seen in Tyrannosaurus rex, and the chisel-shaped distal denticles are similar to those of tyrannosaurids.

The larger tooth is moderately laterally compressed, with well defined longitudinal oriented enamel wrinkles at the basal halves of the mesial and distal margins. The crown height of the larger tooth is 91 mm. It probably represents a previously unknown large theropod inhabited Asia during the Late Cretaceous.

The Nanxiong Formation or its equivalents are exposed in several provinces of southeastern China and represented by a thick sequence of red mudstones, sandstones and conglomerates. In Jiangxi, these red beds have yielded dinosaurs and other vertebrate fossils since 1965, including turtles, lizards, dinosaur eggs, small theropods, and sauropods.

Source: Chinese Academy of Sciences [May 05, 2015]