Dozens of prehistoric burials found in West Pomerania


Share post:

Dozens of prehistoric burials have been discovered by archaeologists during excavations in Nowy Łowicz in the biggest Polish military training area near Drawsko Pomorskie in West Pomerania. The study leaders were Dr. Adam Cieśliński of the Institute of Archaeology of the University of Warsaw and Andrzej Kasprzak of the Museum in Koszalin.

Dozens of prehistoric burials found in West Pomerania
Double grave of the Lusatian culture community [Credit: A. Cieślińsk/PAP]

In the last three seasons, explored graves were mostly cremation graves of the Lusatian culture communities of the Bronze Age, from before 3 thousand years. Their number reaches 90. Last year, archaeologists found nearly 30 burials.

“The vast majority of cremated bodies were placed in urns. An interesting example is a double grave we discovered – two vessels filled with burnt bones were placed on pavement stone” – said Dr. Cieśliński.

The site in Nowy Łowicz is known primarily as a vast barrow burial site of Wielbark culture from before about 2 thousand years. The name of the archaeological culture describes a diverse community that included, among others, Germanic tribe of the Goths, accurately presented in written sources. As a result of studies that have continued for 25 years, 66 barrows of this type have been recorded, and in their interior or between them 300 skeletal and cremation graves. Most of the graves surveyed in the last season were located between the barrows. Some of the dead had been cremated, some placed directly in a specially prepared grave pit. Small dimensions of these pits caught the attention of archaeologists.

“We believe that these were children’s burials. We found similar graves during previous excavation seasons. Until now, however, they were not in such a clear concentration. In light of previous studies of the Wielbark culture necropolises, we could only exceptionally identify separate areas reserved for children’s burials, which makes our site particularly interesting” – said Dr. Cieśliński.

Inside the graves of the youngest, archaeologists found only modest equipment – a few items including glass beads, a clay cup and bronze fibula.

According to the researchers, excavations carried out in recent years have confirmed very high rank of the site in Nowy Łowicz. Almost complete unveiling of such a large barrow site is an exceptional situation in the study of the period of Roman influence in this part of Europe. It will allow to perform new and reliable analysis relating to the numbers and social structure of the contemporary population.

The last research season took place in July and August 2013. Research is conducted in cooperation of the Institute of Archaeology, University of Warsaw and Museum in Koszalin.

Source: PAP – Science and Scholarship in Poland [February 17, 2014]



Related articles

Vikings were experts in recycling and reclamation

The earliest Vikings settlers of 11th century Cork were recycling and land reclamation experts, and were trading with...

Four months after Pluto flyby, New Horizons yields wealth of discovery

From possible ice volcanoes to twirling moons, NASA's New Horizons science team is discussing more than 50 exciting...

Parts of Philippines may submerge due to global warming

More than 167,000 hectares of coastland -- about 0.6% of the country's total area -- are projected to...

500-year-old Janus bead found under Gloucester Cathedral

Archaeologists working at Gloucester Cathedral have uncovered a series of finds, including a rare Janus Bead, human remains...

Napoleon’s ‘Description De L’Egypte’ lost to fire

A fire that erupted on Saturday in Egypt’s Institute for the Advancement of Scientific Research has resulted in...

Widespread damage to Syria’s ruins seen from space

Archaeologist Jesse Casana couldn't have foreseen the violence that would break out in Syria less than a year...

UNESCO to preserve Tunisian site of Deguech

UNESCO has recently collaborated with a Tunisian association, Atlel, to set up an action program for the protection...

Religious offerings discovered at Mexico’s Great Temple

A vase in the form of Tlaloc (Mexica god of rain), hundreds of shells and snail shells, as...