Discoveries at Tal al-Qaramel, Syria

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The Syrian-Polish archaeological expedition has finished its excavation works for the current year at the site of Tal al-Qaramel on the right bank of the Euphrates River, 25 km to the west of Aleppo. 

Chairman of Aleppo Antiquities and Museums Department, Nadim Faqash, said that the expedition started its systematic excavation works at Tal al-Qaramel in 1999. 

Faqash added that the archaeological findings unearthed by the expedition are considered one of the most important archaeological discoveries in the world as they provided significant information on the first human settlement phase and the shift from the life of hunting to the stage of building houses and villages. 

He indicated that Tal al-Qaramel is one of the most ancient archaeological villages in Syria and in the world. 

The archaeological sites in Aleppo receive wide attention by many of the archaeological expeditions from different universities across the world due to the cultural prosperity they have witnessed in various ages. 

For his part, Chairman of Archaeological Excavation Division at Aleppo Antiquities and Museums Department, Yusef Kanjo, said that the excavation works led to discovering important archeological monuments such as circular houses carved in the ground whose walls have been rebuilt with stones. 

He added that the height of the unearthed houses was estimated at about one meter, and at their center the expedition discovered fireplaces whose floor equipped with high technology represented in using various organic materials, indicating that the building of the walls and roofs was completed through using wood. 

He pointed out that the number of the unearthed houses during the excavation season reached four, whose diameter ranged from 2 to 3 meters, adding that this gathering of houses indicates that there was a village, the houses of which were built according to the same architectural style and date back to the mid 11th century BC. 

He said that the findings prove that there was human settlement at the bottom of the most ancient circular houses which date back to the 4th century BC.  

Author: R. al-Jazaeri | Source: Global Arab Network [May 29, 2011]

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