Bronze Age Anatolian site planted with tobacco

Date:

Share post:

Works have been initiated to start archaeological excavations in the northern province of Tokat’s Horoztepe mound, which has turned into a tobacco farm despite being declared a first-degree archaeological area.

Bronze Age Anatolian site planted with tobacco
Tokat’s Horoztepe mound, which has turned into a tobacco plant over
 the years, is to host archaeological excavations once again after
 many years [Credit: DHA]

The mound, located in the eastern part of the Erbaa district and is claimed to be home to the Anatolian civilization of the Hatti between 2500 and 1700 B.C., has been covered with earth over time and become a hill with an altitude of 325 meters. The first excavations were carried out on the mound in 1940. Many artifacts from the Hittite and Phrygian eras have been unearthed during past excavations.

It was also reported that the region had characteristics of the best known Alacahöyük mound in the Central Anatolian province of Çorum, although work has since ceased in the area.

Tobacco field 

The field of roughly three hectares, which was owned by Yusuf Şerbetçi, who died a few years ago, and was then bequeathed to his inheritors, was declared as a first-degree archaeological site in 1996. But because archaeological activity did not start, the owners rented the field to five families, upon which tobacco was planted in the field.

Following the news that tobacco was planted on the field, officials took action.

Frankfurt Goethe University Director of Archaeology Dirk Wicke has come to the region with the invitation of the Erbaa Municipality and examined the mound. Examining the reports of the drilling works in Horoztepe, Wicke said they had found traces of the existence of three different civilizations in the mound, and it would be cleared during the excavations, which will start in August with the permission of the Culture and Tourism Ministry.

The excavations are set to start in the necropolis (graveyard) area, owned by the Erbaa Municipality. After the Sivas Cultural Heritage Protection Board gives permission to the excavation, 40 graves will be unearthed before the excavations begin.

A long-term project

Erbaa Mayor Hüseyin Yıldırım said Horoztepe was very important for the district, and continued:

“As a result of the drilling works, the archaeological site, which was about three hectares, was increased to roughly nine hectares by the Sivas Cultural Heritage Protection Board. We wanted to unearth this area and started looking for an expert, but failed to find an expert to work here. We had two choices to make this happen; either with Turkish experts via the Culture and Tourism Ministry or with the museum. But since the museum does not have personnel for this work, we applied to foreign countries.”

Until retirement

Yıldırım said at the end, they invited Wicke to Turkey. “He came to Erbaa and examined the area. ‘Once I start excavations here, I will continue until retirement,’ he said. This will be a long-term project. We have finished our file on Horoztepe and delivered it to the ministry. We will receive permission around April.

Excavations will start in the necropolis first. We hope that it will be heard about all around the world,” the mayor said.

Artifacts unearthed during the first excavations in Horoztepe are today on display at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara.

Source: Hurriyet Daily News [February 05, 2015]

ADVERTISEMENT

spot_img

Related articles

New excavations at Pompeii reveal paved road with sidewalk

The excavations of Pompeii continue to produce wonderful results, thanks to the various excavation campaigns currently underway in...

Excavations shed light on Urartian’s social life

The excavations that have been continuing for five years in the tumulus located in the northern side of...

NASA’s RXTE detects ‘heartbeat’ of smallest black hole candidate

An international team of astronomers has identified a candidate for the smallest-known black hole using data from NASA's...

Unique lion head sculpture found in Bulgaria

Bulgarian archaeologists have stumbled upon a unique lion head stone sculpture from the times of the Trojan War. The...

In the Southern Ocean, a carbon-dioxide mystery comes clear

Twenty thousand years ago, when humans were still nomadic hunters and gatherers, low concentrations of carbon dioxide in...

Researchers reveal model of Sun’s magnetic field

Researchers at the Universities of Leeds and Chicago have uncovered an important mechanism behind the generation of astrophysical...

Mystery of ultra-diffuse faint galaxies solved

Over the last year, researchers have observed some very faint, diffuse galaxies. The galaxies are as faint as...

Astronomers catch a multiple star system in the process of forming

This week an international team of astronomers reports the first multiple-star system to be observed during the earliest...