A database of 3,000 lead isotope analyses in geological and archaeological samples from the Iberian Peninsula

Date:

Share post:

A new database of lead isotopes found in the Iberian Peninsula has been created. “This work set out to compile all possible data on lead isotopes in the Iberian Peninsula and to make them accessible to everyone; the data have a set of geological criteria, whereby the mines can be separated by the area in which they appear, by the type of material, etc.,” said Sonia Garcia de Madinabeitia, author of the work.  

A database of 3,000 lead isotope analyses in geological and archaeological samples from the Iberian Peninsula
All IBERLID samples can be located on a map by using the geographical information included in the
 database. On the map the samples are colour-coded according to their characteristics. The
interactive map allows the user to zoom in or out to locate samples in detail, and to show
or hide them by selecting them from the menu [Credit: UPV/EHU]

“One of the applications of lead isotope analyses is to try to associate archaeological remains, samples produced by humans in ancient times, with deposits and ores, i.e. with the spot where the metal was extracted. To this end, it is essential to obtain a lot of data and to have a database for comparison purposes,” explained Garcia de Madinabeitia. In the end, “the aim of any database,” said the researcher, “is to have as comprehensive and detailed a collection of comparable samples and results as possible.  

“IBERLID brings together about 3000 lead isotopic analyses originating from more than 140 different references. The database includes results on minerals, rocks and metallic archaeological objects, which are standardized to allow samples to be selected, grouped and traced,” added the researcher from the UPV/EHU’s Department of Geology. 




The use of lead isotopic data has been shown to be a useful tool in the investigation of raw materials in geological site exploration and metal provenance studies in archaeology. Users of this type of information have often requested complete datasets that include not only numerical values of isotope ratios, but also mineralogical and geological information about the samples analyzed, to enable the data to be compared. 

“The IBERLID database addresses this demand; it allows lead isotope results to be used in a straightforward way and facilitates their comparison. It is not just an extensive table of lead isotope ratios. It also includes interactive tools that link together isotope ratios, geographical, geological, mineralogical and archaeological information, thus providing new ways of selecting, grouping and comparing data on the samples,” explained Sonia Garcia de Madinabeitia. 

All IBERLID samples can be located on a map by using the geographical information included in the database. On the map the samples are color-coded according to their characteristics. The interactive map allows the user to zoom in or out to locate samples in detail, and to show or hide them by selecting them from the menu. 




According to Garcia de Madinabeitia, “the collection and evaluation of data from almost three thousand lead isotopic analyses is expected to contribute towards and expand the knowledge about the geology and isotopic composition of the deposits across the Iberian Peninsula”.  

“Now that the database has been completed, the idea now is to continue working along the same lines and try to expand it geographically; it would also be interesting to include other types of analysis in addition to lead isotopes,” added the UPV/EHU researcher.  

The study is published in Ore Geology Reviews.

Source: University of the Basque Country [August 06, 2021]

Support The Archaeology News Network with a small donation!




ADVERTISEMENT

spot_img

Related articles

Ohio university returns Zeugma mosaics to Turkey

Twelve pieces of ancient mosaics in Bowling Green State University’s art collection are being packed for their return...

Tsunami might have destroyed Harappan port town of Dholavira

The port town of Dholavira in Gujarat, the fifth largest Harappan site, might have been destroyed by a...

Foreign missions resume excavating Upper Egypt after 13-year ban

Egypt has lifted a 13-year-old ban on excavation permits issued to foreign archeology missions working in Upper Egypt,...

Decision made to bury ruins of ancient temple in Thessaloniki

The Culture Ministry’s antiquities department said Thursday it will seek the reburial of the ruins of an ancient...

14th-century church in Black Sea region plundered by treasure hunters

The 14th-century Hagios Giorgios Monastery Church at Hutura village in the Turkish province of Gumushane, considered one of...

Medieval medicine bottle unearthed in SE Turkey

Archaeologists discovered a medieval earthenware bottle containing medicine in Turkey’s southeastern archaeological site Harran, the excavation leader said...

Ancient ships discovered at Malaysia’s Sungai Batu archaeological site

Archaeologists have unearthed wrecks of ancient ships embedded in the mud of an ancient river which once flowed...

‘Spectacular’ Roman bath found in Baden

Baden, which is around 25 kilometres northwest of Zurich, was known as Aquae Helveticae in Roman times due...