13,000-year old human footprints found off Canada’s Pacific coast


Share post:

Human footprints found off Canada’s Pacific coast may be 13,000 years old, according to a study published March 28, 2018 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Duncan McLaren and colleagues from the Hakai Institute and University of Victoria, Canada.

13,000-year old human footprints found off Canada's Pacific coast
Photograph of track #17 beside digitally-enhanced image of same feature using the DStretch plugin for ImageJ.
Note the toe impressions and arch indicating that this is a right footprint [Credit: Duncan McLaren]

Previous research suggests that, during the last ice age (which ended around 11,700 years ago), humans moved into the Americas from Asia across what was then a land bridge to North America, eventually reaching what is now the west coast of British Columbia, Canada as well as coastal regions to the south. Along the pacific coast of Canada, much of this shoreline is today covered by dense forest and only accessible by boat, making it difficult to look for the archaeological evidence which might support this hypothesis. In this study, the research team excavated intertidal beach sediments on the shoreline of Calvert Island, British Columbia, where the sea level was two to three meters lower than it is today at the end of the last ice age.

The researchers uncovered 29 human footprints of at least three different sizes in these sediments, which radiocarbon dating estimated to be around 13,000 years old. Measurements and digital photographic analyses revealed that the footprints probably belonged to two adults and a child, all barefoot. The findings suggest that humans were present on the west coast of British Columbia about 13,000 years ago, as it emerged from the most recent ice age.

This finding adds to the growing body of evidence supporting the hypothesis that humans used a coastal route to move from Asia to North America during the last ice age. The authors suggest that further excavations with more advanced methods are likely to uncover more human footprints in the area and would help to piece together the patterns of early human settlement on the coast of North America.

“This article details the discovery of footprints on the west coast of Canada with associated radiocarbon dates of 13,000 years before present,” says Duncan McLaren, lead author of the study. “This finding provides evidence of the seafaring people who inhabited this area during the tail end of the last major ice age.”

Source: Public Library of Science [March 28, 2018]



Related articles

Prehistoric graves unearthed in East Cambridgeshire

Two prehistoric graves dating back to the Bronze Age, as well as human remains, have been uncovered at...

Cave excavation pushes back the clock on early human migration to Laos

Fifteen years of archaeological work in the Tam Pa Ling cave in northeastern Laos has yielded a reliable...

Ancient farmstead, Byzantine church found near Tel Aviv

In an excavation conducted by the Israel Antiquities Authority at the initiative of the Ministry of Construction and...

Achaemenid-era clay tablets returned to Iran after 84 years

A total of 1,783 Achaemenid-era clay tablets, which were on loan from Iran to the Oriental Institute of...

Humans in Southern Arabia 10,000 years earlier than first thought

The last Ice Age made much of the globe uninhabitable, but there were oases - or refugia -...

Medieval cemetery in western Poland investigated

There are indications that part of today’s Santok near Gorzów Wielkopolski (in western Poland) is located on the...

Ethiopian and Egyptian genomes help map early humans’ route out of Africa

Although scientists are confident that all modern human populations can trace their ancestry back to Africa, the route...

Iron Age temple ruins near Jordan’s Madaba shed light on ancient cult practices

Khirbet Ataruz, located around 30 kilometres southwest of Madaba, represented an early Iron Age II temple with two...