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Findings that are centuries old are practically part of everyday life for experienced archaeologists, but this discovery was something very special for them too: employees of the Center for Baltic and Scandinavian Archeology ( ZBSA ) have uncovered the oldest burial site in northern Germany to date, on the Duvenseer Moor in the Duchy of Lauenburg district. a so-called “cremation grave”.
Key region Duvenseer Moor
One thing is certain for the archaeologists: the 10,500-year-old burial site comes from Stone Age hunters and gatherers. In the then widespread forest landscape, they lived from hunting game, fishing and hazelnuts.
Archaeologists always come across evidence of the past in the area around the Duvenseer Moor: they made their first discoveries almost 100 years ago. From the mid-1960s until his retirement at the beginning of the 2000s, it was the archaeologist Klaus Bokelmann from what was then the Archaeological State Museum in Schleswig, who decisively advanced the research. We have him to thank for the discovery of more than 20 other sites in the Duvensee Moor.
Large-scale research project
Since 2010, Dr. Harald Lübke in the ZBSA the research project. Since then, the scientists have digitized all previous excavation documentation and thus created an excellent basis for further finds. Further work was carried out in close coordination and supported by the Archaeological State Office Schleswig-Holstein (ALSH).
The project was also made possible by the cooperation with the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel and the Collaborative Research Center 1266 “Transformation Dimensions – Human-Environment Interactions in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies”, which was newly established there in 2016 and is funded by the German Research Foundation.
This is how it goes
After the discovery last week, the researchers are now removing the layers of earth on both sides of the find. The grave site itself remains in one block. This block is then taken to the workshops of the Museum of Archeology in Schleswig, where it is further examined under controlled laboratory conditions.